Inuit Health Education and Adaptation
Current research projects (2019-2023)
The Canadian Arctic One Health Network
Strong connections among the land, wildlife, and people in the Canadian North require a One Health approach to address complex challenges at the interface of human, animal, and ecosystem health by engaging multiple disciplines and non-academic stakeholders. In Canada, the North has historically faced health disparities and food and water insecurity, and is now experiencing climate change at rates at least double that of the rest of Canada. Vector, food, and water-borne diseases have been identified as the infectious diseases most likely to emerge in a future of climate change in Canada, and zoonoses (both old and new) continue to pose threats to wildlife health, public health, and food and water security in the Canadian North. Through this project, we will build on our existing network of researchers and community partners to monitor, model, and mitigate One Health threats across the changing Canadian North. 1) Monitor: We will establish sentinel communities across the Canadian North and use standardized monitoring protocols to collect samples from arthropod vectors, wildlife reservoirs and indicator species, and wildlife harvested for human consumption to monitor host-pathogen systems such as rabies, foodborne parasites, and established and emerging vector borne diseases. 2) Model: We will use this monitoring data and established climate change scenarios to develop models to project the effects of environmental change on key diseases of concern. 3) Mitigate: Arctic One Health Scholars will use a systematic approach to identify and prioritize One Health priorities for sentinel northern communities, identify and engage stakeholders, and develop action plans. We will address all three objectives through building northern capacity for wildlife health surveillance and country food safety through development of TelePath North, which will combine Local Ecological Knowledge with wildlife pathological expertise to directly address wildlife health and food safety concerns of northern residents. This project will build on existing relationships with northern communities, remote veterinary service programs, long term research projects and field sites, and TriCouncil funded network investigator research programs to form the Canadian Arctic One Health network.